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Jean-Pierre Jabouille (born October 1, 1942)
is a former racing driver from France.

Native of Paris, Jabouille was one of the last of a breed of Formula One drivers who were also engineers.

He first made his marks in French Formula 3 in 1967, and continued in 1968, maintaining the car himself on his way to the runner's up spot behind François Cevert. In 1969 he was contracted as a development driver by Alpine, having several disjointed runs in Formula 2 and sports cars. In 1973 he co-drove a Matra to the 3rd place at the Le Mans 24 Hours, and repeated this feat in 1974, when he also won the Formula 2 race at Hockenheim, and finished as runner-up in the European 2-litre series for Alpine. He also made his first appearances in Formula 1, failing to qualify a Williams at the French Grand Prix, and a Surtees at the Austrian Grand Prix.

1975 saw Jabouille sever his ties with Alpine, and gain Elf backing to make his own Formula 2 chassis. He finished runner-up to Jacques Laffite, but finally made his full Grand Prix start, finishing 12th in a works Tyrrell at the French Grand Prix. For 1976 he concentrated on Formula 2, finally winning the title, and for 1977 was signed up by Renault to develop their new Formula One 1.5l turbocharged engine. The RS01 car started at the 1977 British Grand Prix, but initially the turbo engine (a first for Formula 1) was fragile and suffered from severe turbo lag, making it difficult to drive on tight circuits. However, Jabouille persevered, recording several notable qualifying positions in 1978, and landed the brand's first points with a 4th place at the United States Grand Prix East.

1979 saw Renault expand to run a second car for René Arnoux. Jabouille would secure Renault's first Formula One pole at the South African Grand Prix, and then won their first victory, fittingly at the French Grand Prix, and from pole to boot. This was the first victory for a turbocharged car in Formula One. He took a third pole at the Italian Grand Prix, but poor reliability meant the win was his only score.

In 1980 Jabouille took two more poles, and another win at the Austrian Grand Prix. However, a suspension failure in the Canadian Grand Prix left him with a broken leg, just after he had signed with Ligier for 1981.

His injuries saw him sit out the first two races of the 1981 season, but it soon became clear he wasn't fully fit, failing to qualify for two of his four attempts, at which point he decided to retire. He came back in the mid-1980s to drive in the French Supertourisme series, before joining Peugeot to help develop their sports car programme, culminating in a third place at the 1993 Le Mans 24 Hours. In 1994 he succeeded Jean Todt as director of Peugeot Sport, but unsuccessful seasons for the brand in association with McLaren and Jordan saw him sacked in 1995. Since then he has run his own sports car team in the ISRS.